Category Archives: _Secondary Sources

While I’m on the topic of food…

Also related to food availability is the presence (or the lack thereof) and shaming of “Ugly Produce”. Despite being equally nutritious and perfectly safe to eat According to the Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations: “30 percent of global food production is lost after harvest, or wasted in shops.. representing $750 billion worth of food every year” just because it doesn’t meet the visual aesthetics of what people want to eat. A french supermarket is aiming to sell all that “Ugly Produce” by offering a discount on the produce (about 20-30% off) and have been pleased with the success.

Intermarche – “Inglorious Fruits and Vegetables” Clip

Failed LemonUgly CarrotHideous OrangeGrotesque AppleWeird Fruits & Vegetables

Secondary Research Project – Part 2

TOPIC 1: FOOD/NUTRITION

 Source 1:       Chicago Tribune 8/7/2014 (http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/chi-chicagoans-choose-healthy-food-over-junk-in-vendingmachine-study-20140807-story.html#page=1)

 Thesis:           Despite vendors’ resistance to supplying nutritious snacks in fear of losing revenue from traditional snack items, Chicagoans are spending more money on healthy snacks available in Chicago park vending machines.

Data:               Monthly per-machine sales rose from $84 to $371 in a little over a year. Of those surveyed, 88 percent reported enjoying the healthy snacks they tried, and 98 percent indicated they would purchase the snacks again.

Source 2:       The Atlantic 9/2/2014 (http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/09/access-to-real-food-as-privilege/379482/)

Thesis:           Although diet quality among the whole population is improving overall, the diet of those of low socioeconomic status is deteriorating.

 Data:               The difference in the quality of diet between people of high and low socioeconomic status doubled between 2000 and 2010.

 Source 3:       The Chicago Tribune 12/23/2013 (http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2013-12-22/business/ct-biz-1222-dominicks-food-desert-2-20131222_1_grocery-store-food-desert-dollar-tree-store)

Thesis:           A Dominick’s closing risks turning Englewood and South Shore into a “food desert”

 Data:               With the closing of this Dominick’s store the next closest groceries are 1 and 1.5 miles away.

Creative Project Example:       http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/food-access-research-atlas/go-to-the-atlas.aspx#.VBELkvSuloB - interactive maps used to show areas of Low Income (LI) and the relation to Low Access (LA) to local groceries.


TOPIC 2: CHILDREN’S HEALTH

Source 1:       Chicago Sun-Times.com 9/1/2014 (http://www.suntimes.com/opinions/29561534-474/could-obesity-be-overlooked.html#.VAZU1PSuloA)

Thesis:           The percentage of parents in the U.S. who fail to correctly identify their child as overweight or obese is increasing.

Data:               Analyzing data on about 3,000 children for the study found that from 1988 – 1994: 78% of parents of an overweight boy, and 61%of parents of an overweight girl, identified the child as “about the right weight.” These percentages increased during the years of 2005 – 2010: 83% of parents of an overweight boys, and 78 percent for girls.

Creative Project Examples: can be found in my first post on Secondary Research Projects

Source 2:       NBCnews.com 9/9/2014 (http://www.nbcnews.com/health/kids-health/u-s-kids-get-way-too-much-salt-cdc-finds-n199316)

Thesis:           Most American kids are getting far too much salt in their food which puts them at risk of high blood pressure and heart disease, conditions usually associated with middle age.

 Data:               The CDC reports that more than 90% of children are eating above the recommended 2,300mg of salt per day with an average consumption of 3,729mg – 62% higher than the recommended limit.

Source 3:       HuffingtonPost.com 9/9/2014 (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/09/09/schools-unprepared-for-asthma-and-food-allergies_n_5793246.html)

Thesis:           In Chicago, most children with asthma or food allergies don’t have a health management form, known as a 504 Plan, on file at school

 Data:               Only ¼ of children with asthma and ½ of those with a food allergy had a 504 Plan on file at school. Without these plans the only way schools can provide help during a time of need is by calling 911.

Secondary Research (the rest)

Topic 1: Security / Police

Article 1— School Starts in Chicago With More Security Guards

Source: http://online.wsj.com/articles/school-starts-in-chicago-with-more-security-guards1409694273

Thesis: With additional money from the state, Chicago Public Schools are increasing their security and hiring more “Safe Passage” workers.

Data: An infusion of city money has allowed Chicago to increase their number of safe passage workers from 1,200 to 1,300. An additional $10 million from the state will mean 600 more workers will be lining the streets within the next several weeks.

Article 2— CPS to Pay Police $13 Million a year for High School Security

Source: http://politics.suntimes.com/article/chicago/cps-pay-police-13-million-year-high-school-security/mon-05052014-207pm#bmb=1

Thesis: An agreement introduced by Mayor Rahm Emanuel would mean an increase in compensation to the Chicago Police Department for annual High School Security.

Data: From 2009-2011, CPS paid the police department $8 million annually to station two police offices at every high school for the eight-hour school day. That broke down to roughly $80,000 per school.

Chief Administrative Officer Tim Cawley called it a “sweet deal” that did not reflect the actual cost of police services and supervision that, for years, approached $25 million or roughly $250,000 per high school.

Shortly after taking office, Emanuel stripped teachers of a previously negotiated, 4 percent pay raise and used the $80 million in savings to pay the Chicago Police Department retroactively, going back to 2009.

Article 3— 911 Texting Service Rolling out Slowly

Source: http://www.chicagotribune.com/suburbs/arlington-heights/ct-texting-911-met-20140910-story.html#page=1

Thesis: 911 texting services are now being offered in the Northwest Suburbs of Chicago which may allow citizens to reach police in emergencies more easily and without potential offenders noticing.

Data: Most of the country does not yet have the capability for 911 texting, with just 128 dispatch centers in 18 states running the service so far.

 

Related Projects: 

Visualizing the Past Changes in the US Homeland Security Advisory System http://redorangeyellowblueandgreen.com

 


 

Topic 2: Chicago Public Housing

Article 1— The Redevelopment Plan for Cabrini-Green

Source: http://chicago.curbed.com/archives/2014/02/05/heres-the-draft-plan-for-cabrinigreen-that-was-just-released.php

Thesis: Throughout the 90′s the Chicago Housing Authority received numerous federal grants to revamp its plan for public housing, and after years of demolition, the high rises were completely wiped out in 2011. In recent years, new shopping centers and high end homes and condos have sprung up in the area surrounding the , but the city wants to begin construction on new developments to the fallow land starting next year.

Data: The proposed housing project would contain an estimated 2,400 to 2,800 units, and former Cabrini-Green residents would get first dibs on a percentage of these units – although the percentage is not clear.

 

Article 2— Poor families use ‘supervouchers’ to rent in city’s priciest buildings

Source: http://www.chicagobusiness.com/article/20140726/ISSUE01/307269984/poor-families-use-supervouchers-to-rent-in-citys-priciest-buildings#

Thesis: Using Federal tax dollars, the Chicago Housing Authority has made it possible for four voucher holders to move into a high-rise on Lake Shore Drive. The tenants moved in over the past two years as part of a push by the CHA to expand its housing voucher program so that more low-income residents can leave the city’s roughest neighborhoods and start a new life in places with low poverty and crime and close to good schools and jobs.

Data: Yet some landlords say it’s a mistake to use scarce tax dollars to pay ultra-high rents for a fortunate few when more than 15,000 people sit on the CHA’s voucher waiting list.

The CHA says in a statement that the “exception payments” for high-cost apartments cover less than 2 percent of the authority’s roughly 38,000 outstanding vouchers. The higher payments—known as supervouchers—are necessary to help low-income residents move into better neighborhoods, which have few affordable housing options, the authority says.

 

 

Article 3— Transforming Chicago’s Public Housing

Source: http://urbanland.uli.org/planning-design/transforming-chicagos-public-housing/

Thesis: Due to the financial crisis, the Chicago Housing Authority has fallen behind on their goals and is still having difficulties trying to find the money needed for large, complicated redevelopments. In April, 2013, officials announced “Plan Forward: Communities That Work,” a plan to acquire homes in neighborhoods across the city for rehab to help finish the remaining housing in the CHA’s original plan. The new plan would also boost economic activity around CHA sites and provide job training and educational opportunities for voucher holders.

Data: Chicago’s plan to transform the city’s entire portfolio of public housing is still unfinished after 13 years, more than $1 billion in investment, and the displacement of tens of thousands of public housing residents

Related Projects:

Tiny Fabricated Portable Homes in San Francisco

houslet-garage houslet-exp-pers2

http://sfpublicpress.org/news/2014-06/productize 

 

Secondary Research Assignment (the rest)

Topic One: Oil Spills in the Great Lakes Basin

Source: Lambert, S. (2010, July 30). Oil spill area evacuation due to air quality. Battle Creek Enquirer. Battle Creek. Retrieved from http://www.battlecreekenquirer.com/article/20100730/OILSPILL/7300328/Leak+forces+evacuations+

Thesis: After an Enbridge, Inc. pipeline issue resulted in a significant leak on the Kalamazoo River, elevated levels of a toxic chemical (benzene) were present in the air and water, resulting in heightened public health awareness and the recommended evacuation of many households.

Data point(s):

  • 30-50 households asked to evacuate
  • 100+ households told not to drink their water
  • EPA estimated that 1 million gallons of oil spilled, Enbridge estimated 819,000

****

Source: Gray, H., Schornack, D., Gourd, R., Brooks, I., Blaney, J., & Olson, A. (2006). Report on Spills in the Great Lakes Basin. Retrieved from http://www.ijc.org/files/publications/ID1594.pdf

Thesis: By examining the history of spill incidents on the St. Clair – Detroit River, this report was designed to assess whether or not chemical spill incidents are increasing in the region. However, the report’s actual conclusions are focused on the lack of standardized monitoring, data collection, and reporting practices, all of which have prevented activists, policymakers, and advocates from gaining the comprehensive knowledge necessary to enforce spill prevention measures and to evaluate responsibilities for cleanup and costs.

Data point(s):

  • Cleaning up the Rouge River oil spill cost more than $10 million (US funds), and the cost of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency investigation alone was $2 million.
  • The Rouge River oil spill involved an estimated 100,00 to 255,000 gallons of lube oil and diesel fuel. It was the largest oil spill in 20 years to the Great Lakes basin.

*****

Topic Two: Water Loss, Water Shortage

Source:  Flesher, J. (2011, February 9). Officials Warn of Great Lakes Water Shortage. CBS Chicago. Traverse City. Retrieved from http://chicago.cbslocal.com/2011/02/09/officials-warn-of-great-lakes-water-shortage/

Thesis: This article summarizes the findings of a U.S. Geological Survey, which reported that groundwater levels in the Chicago and Milwaukee metro areas have dropped 1,000 feet due to climate change, increasing demand, and ongoing water loss. The decline in water levels and the increase in water extraction from the Great Lakes has led some experts to suggest that Chicago may face a water shortage by 2050.

Data point(s):

  • The Great Lakes contain 6 quadrillion gallons of water—enough to spread a foot-deep layer across North America, South America, and Africa.
  • Chicago diverts 2.1 billion gallons from Lake Michigan on a daily basis, which has lowered Lakes Michigan and Huron by about 2.5 inches.

***

Source: Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning. (2010). Water 2050. Chicago. Retrieved from http://www.cmap.illinois.gov/documents/10180/14452/NE+IL+Regional+Water+Supply+Demand+Plan.pdf/26911cec-866e-4253-8d99-ef39c5653757

Thesis: This report assess water supply and demand in the Chicago area in order to facilitate discussions of water policy and to make recommendations regarding ongoing management of surface and groundwater resources. The report outlines possible water conservation efforts in the form of water-saving strategies, new infrastructure developments, wastewater reuse, and storm water collection.

Data point(s):

  • The population of Cook County is currently about 9 million, but it is expected to reach 12.1 million by 2050.
  • One strategy to reduce water loss is to raise prices. The price elasticity of demand for NE Illinois is estimated to be -0.15, that is, for a 10% increase in price, quantity demanded falls by 1.5%. However, it is estimated that 36% of water customers in NE Illinois don’t know their water bill frequency, and 47% don’t know their water willing unit.
  • By 2050, climate change predictions suggest that the annual average temperature may raise up to 6 degrees (F) above normal.

Visualization project:
This project (specifically, 0:15 – about 1:30) visualizes the amount of water pollution produced by different countries by displaying a stream of light (I think?) into a water basin. It seems that the size of the spreading light within the water corresponds to the amount of pollution produced. There is no narrative explanation, so it’s hard to tell.

Secondary Research Assignment

Topic #1:        Food

Source:          Chicago Tribune 8/7/2014

http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/chi-chicagoans-choose-healthy-food-over-junk-in-vendingmachine-study-20140807-story.html#page=1

Thesis:           Despite vendors’ resistance to supplying nutritious snacks in fear of losing revenue from traditional snack items, Chicagoans are spending more money on healthy snacks available in Chicago park vending machines.

Data:               Monthly per-machine sales rose from $84 to $371 in a little over a year. Of those surveyed, 88 percent reported enjoying the healthy snacks they tried, and 98 percent indicated they would purchase the snacks again.

You Are What You Eat

Topic #2:        Health (Childhood Obesity)

Source:          Chicago Sun-Times.com 9/1/2014

http://www.suntimes.com/opinions/29561534-474/could-obesity-be-overlooked.html#.VAZU1PSuloA

Thesis:           The percentage of parents in the U.S. who fail to correctly identify their child as overweight or obese is increasing.

Data:               Analyzing data on about 3,000 children for the study found that from 1988 – 1994: 78% of parents of an overweight boy, and 61%of parents of an overweight girl, identified the child as “about the right weight.” These percentages increased during the years of 2005 – 2010: 83% of parents of an overweight boys, and 78 percent for girls.Babyface COBill